What’s New in 1.3?

tidyvpc v1.3.0 provides additional arguments to control aesthetics in the plot() function. In addition, an issue has been fixed where VPC’s with one-sided stratification formulas once again use facet_wrap() and two-sided stratification formulas use facet_grid().

Additional arguments to the plot() function include:

  • point.size
  • point.stroke
  • point.shape
  • point.alpha
  • ribbon.alpha

Learn More

Installation and Running information


# Development
# If there are errors (converted from warning) during installation related to packages
# built under different version of R, they can be ignored by setting the environment variable 
# R_REMOTES_NO_ERRORS_FROM_WARNINGS="true" before calling remotes::install_github()


Learning tidyvpc

The Certara.VPCResults package offers a Shiny app that can be used to easily generate the underlying tidyvpc and ggplot2 code used to create your VPC.

After importing the observed and simulated data into your R environment, use the function vpcResultsUI() to parameterize the VPC and customize the resulting plot output using the Shiny GUI - then generate the R code to reproduce from command line!

                 repos = c("https://certara.jfrog.io/artifactory/certara-cran-release-public/",
                 method = "libcurl")

vpcResultsUI(observed = obs_data[MDV == 0], simulated = sim_data[MDV == 0])

The Shiny application can serve as a learning heuristic and ensures reproducibility by allowing you to save R and/or Rmd scripts. Additionally, you may render RMarkdown to an html, pdf, or docx output report. Click here to learn more about Certara.VPCResults.

Data Preprocessing

tidyvpc requires a specific structure of observed and simulated data in order to successfully generate VPC.

  • DV cannot be missing in observed/simulated data i.e. subset MDV == 0
  • Observed data must be ordered by: Subject-ID, IVAR (Time)
  • Simulated data must be ordered by: Replicate, Subject-ID, IVAR (Time)

See tidyvpc::obs_data and tidyvpc::sim_data for example data structures.



# Filter MDV = 0
obs_data <- tidyvpc::obs_data[MDV == 0]
sim_data <- tidyvpc::sim_data[MDV == 0]

#Add LLOQ for each Study 
obs_data$LLOQ <- obs_data[, ifelse(STUDY == "Study A", 50, 25)]

# Binning Method on x-variable (NTIME)
vpc <- observed(obs_data, x=TIME, y=DV) %>%
    simulated(sim_data, y=DV) %>%
    censoring(blq=(DV < LLOQ), lloq=LLOQ) %>%
    stratify(~ STUDY) %>%
    binning(bin = NTIME) %>%

Plot Code:

ggplot(vpc$stats, aes(x=xbin)) +
    facet_grid(~ STUDY) +
    geom_ribbon(aes(ymin=lo, ymax=hi, fill=qname, col=qname, group=qname), alpha=0.1, col=NA) +
    geom_line(aes(y=md, col=qname, group=qname)) +
    geom_line(aes(y=y, linetype=qname), size=1) +
    geom_hline(data=unique(obs_data[, .(STUDY, LLOQ)]),
        aes(yintercept=LLOQ), linetype="dotted", size=1) +
    geom_text(data=unique(obs_data[, .(STUDY, LLOQ)]),
        aes(x=10, y=LLOQ, label=paste("LLOQ", LLOQ, sep="="),), vjust=-1) +
        name="Simulated Percentiles\nMedian (lines) 95% CI (areas)",
        breaks=c("q0.05", "q0.5", "q0.95"),
        values=c("red", "blue", "red"),
        labels=c("5%", "50%", "95%")) +
        name="Simulated Percentiles\nMedian (lines) 95% CI (areas)",
        breaks=c("q0.05", "q0.5", "q0.95"),
        values=c("red", "blue", "red"),
        labels=c("5%", "50%", "95%")) +
        name="Observed Percentiles\n(black lines)",
        breaks=c("q0.05", "q0.5", "q0.95"),
        values=c("dotted", "solid", "dashed"),
        labels=c("5%", "50%", "95%")) +
        linetype=guide_legend(order=1)) +
        legend.key.width=grid::unit(1, "cm")) +
    labs(x="Time (h)", y="Concentration (ng/mL)")

Or use the built-in plot() function from the tidyvpc package.

# Binless method using 10%, 50%, 90% quantiles and LOESS Prediction Corrected

# Add PRED variable to observed data from first replicate of sim_data
obs_data$PRED <- sim_data[REP == 1, PRED]

vpc <- observed(obs_data, x=TIME, y=DV) %>%
    simulated(sim_data, y=DV) %>%
    stratify(~ GENDER) %>%
    predcorrect(pred=PRED) %>%
    binless(loess.ypc = TRUE) %>%
    vpcstats(qpred = c(0.1, 0.5, 0.9))